Insomnia can be triggered by a number of possible factors, including worry and stress, underlying health conditions, and alcohol or drug use.
Stress and anxiety
Some people develop insomnia after a stressful event, such as a bereavement, problems at work or financial difficulties.
The problem can continue long after the event has passed because they start to associate going to bed with being awake. This develops into an anxiety about sleep itself.
Having more general worries, for example about work, family or health, are also likely to keep you awake at night. These can cause your mind to start racing while you lie in bed, which can be made worse by also worrying about not being able to sleep.
A poor sleep routine and sleeping environment
You may struggle to get a good night’s sleep if you go to bed at inconsistent times, nap during the day, or don’t ‘wind down’ before going to bed.
A poor sleeping environment can also contribute to insomnia, for instance an uncomfortable bed, or a bedroom that’s too bright, noisy, hot or cold.
Drinking alcohol before going to bed, and taking certain recreational drugs can affect your sleep, as can stimulants such as nicotine (found in cigarettes) and caffeine (found in tea, coffee and energy drinks). These should be avoided in the evenings.
Changes to your sleeping patterns can also contribute to insomnia, for example because of shiftwork or changing time zone after a long-haul flight (jet lag).
Mental health conditions
Underlying mental health problems can often affect a person’s sleeping patterns, including:
– mood disorders –such as depression or bipolar disorder
– anxiety disorders –such as generalised anxiety, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder
– psychotic disorders –such as schizophrenia
Physical health conditions
Insomnia can also be caused by underlying physical conditions, including
– heart conditions – such as angina or heart failure
– respiratory conditions –such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma
– neurological conditions –such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease
– hormonal problems – such as an overactive thyroid
– joint or muscle problems – such as arthritis
– problems with the genital or urinary organs –such as urinary incontinence or an enlarged prostate
– sleep disorders – such as such as snoring and sleep apnoea, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, night terrors and sleepwalking
– long-term pain
In women, childbirth can sometimes lead to insomnia.
Some prescriptions or over-the-counter medications can cause insomnia as a side effect. These include:
– certain antidepressants
– epilepsy medicines
– medicines for high blood pressure, such as beta-blockers
– steroid medication
– non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
– some medicines used to treat asthma, such as salbutamol, salmeterol and theophylline
Check the leaflet that comes with any medication you’re taking to see if insomnia or sleeping difficulties are listed as a possible side effect.
For medical advice visit: www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Insomnia
Help for insomnia
Once any medical cause has been eliminated by your doctor, Benefit Therapy has a range of help for insomnia, including hypnotherapy and BWRT, to help dissolve your symptoms and restore restful sleep.
If you are looking for help for insomnia, one session is often all that’s needed. Take the first step to good sleep and book your free consultation, today.